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Egg waffle

Small ball-shaped egg waffle and large European-style waffles at a street food stand

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Alternative namesBubble Waffle, Egg puff, puffle, gai daan jai, egglet
TypePancake or waffle
Place of originHong Kong
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsEggs, sugar, flour, evaporated milk
  •   Media: Egg waffle
Egg waffle
Traditional Chinese雞蛋仔
Simplified Chinese鸡蛋仔
JyutpingGai1 daan6 zai2
Literal meaningChicken egg + [diminutive suffix]
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinJīdànzǎi
Yue: Cantonese
Yale RomanizationGāi daahn jái
JyutpingGai1 daan6 zai2

An egg waffle is a spherical egg-based waffle popular in Hong Kong and Macau,[1] consisting of an eggy leavened batter cooked between two plates of semi-spherical cells. They are usually served hot, and often eaten plain, although they may be served with fruit and flavors such as strawberry, coconut or chocolate.[2] It is referred vĩ đại by its original Cantonese name, gai daan jai (雞蛋仔),[1] and in English, an egg puff, bubble waffle, eggette, pancake balls, pancake waffle, egglet, and puffle.[citation needed] They are sometimes referred vĩ đại as Hong Kong cakes in Chinatowns across America, especially in Thủ đô New York.[3] One piece of egg waffle can have around trăng tròn vĩ đại 35 small round 'balls'.

Egg waffles are among the most popular Hong Kong "street snacks" and were ranked No. 1 in a 100 most popular HK street snack listing.[4] They have been a favored street snack since their emergence in the 1950s, when they were made with coal fire heating and sold from street kiosks in Hong Kong.[5][6][7]


The origins of the egg waffle or gai daan jai (which literally translates vĩ đại "little chicken egg") are unknown, despite being ingrained in the memories of Hong Kong residents young and old. One story says the enterprising post-war generation created the egg-shaped mold vĩ đại trang điểm for an eggless batter, as eggs used vĩ đại be a luxury. Another tale points vĩ đại street hawkers who bought damaged eggs on the cheap vĩ đại work them into a batter, resulting in the classic golden color of the cake. It also is reasonable vĩ đại suggest that the special iron skillet used vĩ đại mold the gai daan tsai is a Hong Kong take on the traditional checkered European waffle press. Today, the two related snacks are often sold by the same stall.[1] There is also another tale that it originated from the 1950s, when a sundry cửa hàng owner did not want vĩ đại waste broken eggs and tried vĩ đại add flour, butter etc. and baked it in a mold.[8] However, in 1944, Mr Cheung, the founder of a food stall, began using a cart vĩ đại sell daan kau jai (蛋球仔) which is the predecessor of egg waffle. Daan Kau Jai is bigger than thở an egg waffle, and it is often divided into 30 pieces for selling by the hawkers.[9][10]

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Egg batter is poured over a special waffle pan before being heated on a charcoal stove.
Modern egg waffle pans

Egg waffles are made from a sweet, egg-rich batter that is cooked on a hot griddle, a special frying pan with small round cells (resembling an æbleskiver pan but with a higher number of smaller round cells). The griddle is mix on hot coals in the fire, or more commonly on an electrical heater. The batter is poured over the special frying pan and heated; the small ovals of egg waffles are thus formed. The crucial key vĩ đại prepare a crispy egg waffle is vĩ đại turn over the pan quickly after the batter is poured into the hot frying pan. This could create an egg waffle that is crispy on top, and cake-like on the bottom.[7] The waffle is also crispy on the outside with each bubble providing a fluffiness on the inside.[8] In addition vĩ đại the conventional "egg taste", they are also available in a variety of flavours such as chocolate, green-tea, ginger, etc. Most batters used in egg waffle are quick breads, although some are also made using a yeast-raised or fermented batter. Egg waffles can be eaten at different times of the day, depending on local tradition.

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Modern flavours[edit]

Despite the origin of the traditional egg waffle is from Hong Kong, it is nowadays being reinvented all around the world. It is common vĩ đại see the egg waffle in a variety of flavours such as green tea, chocolate, cheese or purple sweet potato,[11] but it has also gained popularity as a dessert in which it is served with different kinds of ice cream.[12]

See also[edit]

  • Pandan waffle, a Vietnamese snack
  • Æbleskiver, a similar Danish dish
  • Kuzhi paniyaram, a similar dish from the south of India
  • Paper wrapped cake, a Hong Kong egg sponge cake
  • Poffertjes, a similar Dutch dish
  • Taiyaki
  • Takoyaki, a similar Japanese dish with savory octopus filling
  • Imagawayaki
  • List of quick breads


Further reading[edit]

  • Connelly, Michael Alan (18 December 2014). "20 Must-Try Street Foods Around the World". Fodor's. Retrieved 24 July 2016.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has truyền thông media related vĩ đại Egg waffle.

  • Gai daan tsai challenge: The quest for Hong Kong's best egg waffle